Back to home

[iOS] Implementing a 3D rotation reveal effect for a side menu

The final product

The Source code

You can find the complete source code on github

Design work used in this demo is captured from a project on behance

Animating the whole view

The main screen of the app may contain many subviews, in order for us to animate the whole view we will use a very interesting trick, we will capture the view, hide it, and use the captured image instead.

So the first step in our effect would be capturing the View Controller's main view:

func captureScreen() -> UIImage {
   UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(view.frame.size, view.opaque, 0.0)
   let image = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext()

   return image;

Now we may add the new image view as a sub view view.addSubview(screenImageView) and then hide all other sub-views of the main view.

for subView in view.subviews as [UIView]{
  if subView.tag < 2000{
      subView.hidden = true

Notice We hide all the views except those with tag less than 2000, I made the tags for the screenImageView and the sideMenu view with tags greater than 2000 so that they keep appearing.

Building the Side Menu

I used a nib to create the menu and added it as a sub view:

sideMenu = NSBundle.mainBundle().loadNibNamed("SideMenu", owner: self, options: nil)[0] as UIView
sideMenu.tag = 2002
sideMenu.alpha = 0 // because we don't want to show it yet, also to make a nice reveal animation
sideMenu.frame.origin.y = -10 // to add a nice animation

Adding a background for the whole view

Using the following piece of code I set the background of the main view:

UIImage(named: "splashBG")!.drawInRect(self.view.bounds)
var backgroundImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();
view.backgroundColor = UIColor(patternImage: backgroundImage!)

3D Rotation

The effect of revealing the menu is described in this code:

var id = CATransform3DIdentity
id.m34 =  -1.0 / 1000

// Rotate the view on the Y axis in a anti-clockwise direction
let rotationTransform = CATransform3DRotate(id, 0.5 * CGFloat(-M_PI_2), 0, 1.0, 0)

// Transform the view to the right of the screen
let translationTransform = CATransform3DMakeTranslation(screenImageView.frame.width * 0.2, 0, 0)

// Combine these two transformations
let transform = CATransform3DConcat(rotationTransform, translationTransform)

UIView.animateKeyframesWithDuration(1, delay: 0, options: nil, animations: {

  UIView.addKeyframeWithRelativeStartTime(0, relativeDuration: 1/3, animations: {
      self.screenImageView.layer.transform = transform
      self.screenImageView.frame.size.height -= 200 += 100

  UIView.addKeyframeWithRelativeStartTime(1/3, relativeDuration: 2/3, animations: {
      self.sideMenu.alpha = 1
      self.sideMenu.frame.origin.y = 0

  completion: {_ in}